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Climate & Temperature > Madagascar Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of Madagascar

  • Of the land area, 24.1% has a tropical rainforest climate (Af), 24.3% has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 15.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 5.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 30.4% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw).
  • Of the population, 29% live in a tropical rainforest climate (Af), 10.3% live in a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 7.1% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 4.1% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 49.4% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Antsiranana12°21'S49°18'E105 (344)AsTropical dry forest25 (77)1197 (47)
Nosy Be/ Fascene13°19'S48°19'E9 (30)Am-25 (78)2228 (88)
Sambaba Sud14°17'S50°10'E5 (16)Af-24 (75)2409 (95)
Analalava14°38'S47°46'E57 (187)AsSubtropical moist forest26 (79)1640 (65)
Antalaha/ Antsirabat14°53'S50°15'E88 (289)AfSubtropical moist forest24 (75)2376 (94)
Mahajanga/ Majunga15°40'S46°21'E18 (59)AsTropical dry forest26 (79)1486 (59)
Maintirano18°3'S44°2'E23 (75)AsTropical dry forest25 (78)1033 (41)
Tamatave/ Toamasina18°7'S49°24'E6 (20)AfSubtropical wet forest23 (74)3368 (133)
Antananarivo18°48'S47°29'E1276 (4186)CwbSubtropical moist forest18 (64)1456 (57)
Morondava20°17'S44°19'E8 (26)BShSubtropical dry forest25 (77)764 (30)
Nosy-Varika20°34'S48°32'E16 (52)Af-24 (75)2722 (107)
Mananjary21°12'S48°22'E6 (20)AfSubtropical wet forest23 (74)2726 (107)
Fianarantsoa21°27'S47°6'E1109 (3638)CwbWarm temperate wet forest18 (64)1168 (46)
Tulear/ Toliara23°23'S43°44'E8 (26)BShSubtropical dry forest24 (75)418 (16)
Tolanaro25°2'S46°57'E8 (26)Af-23 (73)1588 (63)
Ft. Dauphin/ Tolagna25°2'S46°57'E9 (30)Af-23 (73)1679 (66)
 Madagascar Average18°33'S47°26'E172 (564)AsTropical dry forest24 (74)1766 (70)

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